Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. It is a group of eye conditions that is commonly referred to as “the silent thief of sight” because the symptoms develop slowly and often go unnoticed. Many patients suffering from glaucoma lose up to 40 percent loss in vision before realizing there is a problem.
Routine eye exams allow the team at Clarkson Eyecare to detect eye disease and conditions before vision loss or impairment occurs. Although glaucoma cannot be prevented, it can be controlled. Our doctors specialize in glaucoma care and will help you maintain your best vision possible.
Protect your gift of sight and schedule an appointment with one of our glaucoma specialists today.
Over 40? It is recommended to have a glaucoma exam every 3-4 years. Higher risk populations especially those with a family history should be examined for glaucoma more regularly. Schedule a Glaucoma exam at your nearest Clarkson Eyecare.
What Is the Most Common Cause of Glaucoma?
Glaucoma most often affects people over 40 years old. It occurs when your eye cannot maintain a balance between the amount of intraocular fluid produced and drained. Intraocular fluid maintains the shape of your eye and flows between the iris and the lens. When there is an imbalance, the pressure in your eye increases. Too much pressure causes damage to the optic nerve, the part of the eye that is responsible for sending the images you see to the brain, causing changes to your vision.
While less common, glaucoma can also be caused by blunt or chemical eye injuries, a severe infection, blocked blood vessels, and inflammatory conditions.
Types of Glaucoma
Glaucoma develops in the eye when there is a decrease in blood flow to the optic nerve or high pressure to the individual nerve fibers. There are two main types of the disease. Open Angle Chronic Glaucoma occurs when fluid fails to flow out of the eye like it should. Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma, generally linked to patients who are farsighted or have cataracts, occurs when the drainage space between the iris and cornea is too narrow, causing a build up of pressure.
Other forms of glaucoma include:
Congenital Glaucoma: This type of glaucoma occurs when the drainage canals are undeveloped. This type of glaucoma occurs in babies during the prenatal period and, while rare, is often hereditary.
Normal Tension Glaucoma: This type of glaucoma occurs when optic nerves are damaged in the absence of high eye pressure.
Secondary Glaucoma: This type of glaucoma is caused by eye injury, inflammation, certain drugs, and advanced cases of cataracts or diabetes.
How to Prevent Glaucoma
Glaucoma cannot be cured so it is important for your eye doctor to diagnose glaucoma as soon as possible to prevent vision loss and preserve your sight. People who are most at risk for developing the disease have:
African American, Latino, or Asian background
Diabetes, heart disease, sickle cell anemia, or hypertension
High blood pressure
Family history of glaucoma
While age is the most common cause of glaucoma, it can affect anyone, including infants, children, and young adults. Routine eye exams are the best way for you and your family to fight against it. At Clarkson Eyecare, we treat patients of all ages and work together to ensure your eyes are as healthy as possible.
Early detection of glaucoma is key because symptoms often go unnoticed and once vision loss occurs, it cannot be restored. If you are at risk for glaucoma, you should see your eye doctor more regularly. Schedule an appointment with Clarkson Eyecare today.
While glaucoma is rare in children, it can occur and is often hereditary. Glaucoma in children happens during the prenatal period and their drainage canals do not fully develop. Most children with glaucoma are diagnosed before they turn 6 months old.
If you feel your child’s vision is impaired, trust the team at Clarkson Eyecare to deliver the personalized care your loved one needs and deserves.
Glaucoma can lead to blindness if left untreated. Of about 2.3 million cases of glaucoma, 12 percent have resulted in vision impairment and approximately 120,000 have resulted in complete loss of sight. Routine eye exams are essential to eye health because they allow your doctor to monitor your vision, detect eye conditions like glaucoma, and provide treatment to manage the progression of the disease.
At Clarkson Eyecare, we recommend routine, comprehensive eye exams for the whole family to ensure you are experiencing the best vision possible at every stage of life. If you are 40 or older, it is recommended to have a glaucoma exam every year. You should see your eye doctor more regularly if you are at risk for the disease.