How can glaucoma be treated?
There is no cure for glaucoma, but it can be controlled. Treatment is aimed at lowering the eye's fluid pressure, which slows the disease's progression.
The most common treatments are:
Medications — eye drops that can reduce pressure by improving fluid drainage or slowing fluid formation
Argon Laser surgery, used to enhance the eye's drainage meshwork, allowing better fluid drainage
Trabeculectomy is a surgery, reserved for advanced glaucoma and patients who do not respond to other treatments, which allows for better drainage by creating a tiny hole in the wall of the eye
What can be done to protect vision?
Over time, medications may stop working or the effects of surgery may wear off. In these cases, patients and their eye care professionals may need to discuss other treatment options. Researchers are working to find ways to prevent glaucoma and improve its diagnosis and treatment. In the meantime, regular comprehensive eye exams will allow for early detection and treatment of the disease and provide excellent odds for maintaining vision.